HOME Top Market Reports Multi-Factor Authentication Market by Model/Type (Two, Three, Four & Five-Factor), Application (Banking & Finance, Government, Defense, Healthcare and others), & by Geography - Global Trend & Forecast to 2014 - 2020

Multi-Factor Authentication Market by Model/Type (Two, Three, Four & Five-Factor), Application (Banking & Finance, Government, Defense, Healthcare and others), & by Geography - Global Trend & Forecast to 2014 - 2020

By: marketsandmarkets.com
Publishing Date: March 2014
Report Code: SE 2336

 

Enquiry Before Buying
 
purchase report
download pdf  request for customisation


Multi-factor authentication (MFA) implies user and employee authentication by verifying, two or more authentication techniques (Hardware token, One Time Password, Password/PIN, and biometric traits) provided by them. In the past methods included for human identification such as username and PIN/password (one factor authentication) were not able to cope up with the increasing demand for stringent security, therefore its giving good opportunity to use MFA. This particular technology is well accepted and popular as it’s not easy to break these security systems.

This report deals with all the driving factors, restraints, and opportunities for the Multi-factor authentication market, which are helpful in identifying trends and key success factors for the industry. The report also profiles companies active in the field of MFA technology. This report provides the competitive landscape of the main players, which covers key growth strategies followed by all the major players. It also highlights the winning imperatives and burning issues pertaining to the MFA industry. It also analyzes the MFA technology market with the help of Porter’s five-force model.

Scope of the report

This research report categorizes the global Multi-factor authentication technology, based on types of authentication and applications market; it also covers the forecasted revenue from 2014 to 2020 and future applications of MFA market. This report also shows the various activities that are being conducted by different institutes and universities. It describes the deployments of MFA technology in various regions. The report describes the applications mapping the MFA market with respect to the growth potential and adoption by the users.

On the basis of types of authentication (Model)

Global MFA market is categorized into various models such two-factor, three-factor, four-factor and five-factor authentication. Two-factor authentication is further segmented into smartcard with PIN, smartcard with biometric technology, PIN with biometric technology and two biometric technologies. Similarly a three-factor authentication model is segmented into smartcard with PIN and biometric technology, smartcard with two biometric technologies, PIN with two biometric technologies and three biometric technologies. On the other hand, four and five-factor authentication includes the use of smart card and pin with more than one biometric technology such as face recognition, fingerprint recognition, voice recognition, and so on.

On the basis of application areas

The Applications areas of biometric technology have been categorized into government, travel and immigration, defense, banking and finance, healthcare, consumer electronics and commercial security.

On the basis of geography
Geographical analysis covers North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and ROW. In this report, North America is further segregated by countries such as the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Europe is further segregated into Germany, U.K., France, Italy, and others. APAC is segregated into Australia, China, Japan, South Korea, and India. ROW is segregated into Africa and the Middle East.

The leading companies in the MFA market covered in the report are Gemalto N.V. (the Netherlands), RSA (U.S.), 3M (U.S.), Fujitsu Ltd (Japan),Safran SA (France), RCG Holdings LTD. (Hong Kong),NEC Corporation (Japan), Suprema Inc. (South Korea), Cross Match Technologies (U.S.), and ValidSoft (U.K.).

Table Of Contents 
 
1 Introduction  (Page No.-19)
  1.1 Key Take-Aways
  1.2 Report Description
  1.3 Markets Covered
  1.4 Stakeholders
  1.5 Research Methodology
      1.5.1 Market Size Estimation
      1.5.2 Key Data Points Taken From Primary Sources
      1.5.3 Key Data Points Taken From Secondary Sources
      1.5.4 Assumptions Made For This Report
      1.5.5 List Of Companies Covered During Study

2 Executive Summary  (Page No.-32)

3 Cover Story  (Page No.-41)
  3.1 Interview: Vice President Business Development, Athena Scs

4 Market Overview  (Page No.-44)
  4.1 Introduction
  4.2 Market Definition
  4.3 Advantages Of Multi-Factor Authentication
  4.4 Technologies, Standards & Trends
  4.5 Market Dynamics
      4.5.1 Drivers
            4.5.1.1 Legislative Compliance
            4.5.1.2 Increasing National And Network Security Threats
            4.5.1.3 Increasing Online Transactions
            4.5.1.4 Smartphone-Based Mobile Device With Mfa Technology
            4.5.1.5 Multi Factor Authentication Is The Next Step Of Payment System
      4.5.2 Restraints
            4.5.2.1 Increase In  Mfa Usage Service Time
            4.5.2.2 Low Acceptance In Several Countries Due To Cultural/Religious Reasons
      4.5.3 Opportunities
            4.5.3.1 Introduction Of Mfa In Gaming
      4.5.4 Burning Issue
            4.5.4.1 Administration
      4.5.5 Winning Imperatives
            4.5.5.1 Ease Of Use
  4.6 Porters Analysis
      4.6.1 Degree Of Competition
      4.6.2 Threat From New Entrants
      4.6.3 Threat From Substitutes
      4.6.4 Bargaing Power Of Buyers
      4.6.5 Bargaing Power Of Suppliers
  4.7 Application Analysis
  4.8 Life Cycle Of Multi-Factor Authentication Market By Model

5 Multi-Factor Authentication Market, By Model  (Page No.-75)
  5.1 Introduction
  5.2 Multi-Factor With Two-Factor Authentication
      5.2.1 Smart Card With Pin
      5.2.2 Smart Card With Biometric Technology
      5.2.3 Biometric Technology With Pin
      5.2.4 Two-Factor Biometric Technology
      5.2.5 One Time Password With Pin
  5.3 Multi-Factor With Three-Factor Authentication
      5.3.1 Smart Card With Pin And Biometric Technology
      5.3.2 Smart Card With Two-Factor Biometric Technologies
      5.3.3 Pin With Two-Factor Biometric Technologies
      5.3.4 Three-Factor Biometric Technology
  5.4 Multi-Factor With Four-Factor Authentication
  5.5 Multi-Factor With Five-Factor Authentication

6 Multi-Factor Authentication Market, By Applications  (Page No.-113)
  6.1 Travel&Immigration And Transportation
  6.2 Government
  6.3 Defense
  6.4 Banking & Finance
  6.5 Commercial Security
  6.6 Consumer Electronics
  6.7 Healthcare
  6.8 Others

7 Multi-Factor Authentication Market, By Geography  (Page No.-158)
  7.1 North America
      7.1.1 U.S.
      7.1.2 Canada
      7.1.3 Mexico
  7.2 Europe
      7.2.1 Germany
      7.2.2 U.K.
      7.2.3 France
      7.2.4 Italy
  7.3 Apac
      7.3.1 Australia
      7.3.2 China
      7.3.3 Japan
      7.3.4 South Korea
      7.3.5 India
  7.4 Row

8 Competitive Landscape  (Page No.-212)
  8.1 Overview
  8.2 Competitive Analysis
      8.2.1 Market Share Ranking Analysis For Biometric Based Authentication Players
      8.2.2 Market Share Ranking Analysis For Non-Biometric Based Authentication Players
  8.3 Key Biomerics Manufacturers
  8.4 Key Growth Strategies
  8.5 Competitive Situation And Trends
      8.5.1 New Product Developments And& Announcements, 2014-2008
      8.5.2 Agreements, Partnerships, Joint Ventures And Collaborations, 2014-2009
      8.5.3 Mergers And Acquisitions, 2014-2009

9 Company Profiles  (Page No.-236)
  9.1 3m
      9.1.1 Introduction
      9.1.2 Products & Services
      9.1.3 Developments
      9.1.4 Mnm View
  9.2 Cross Match Technologies, Inc
      9.2.1 Introduction
      9.2.2 Products & Services
      9.2.3 Developments
      9.2.4 Mnm View
  9.3 Fujitsu Ltd.
      9.3.1 Introduction
      9.3.2 Products & Services
      9.3.3 Developments
      9.3.4 Mnm View
            9.3.4.1 Swot Analysis
  9.4 Gemalto Nv
      9.4.1 Introduction
      9.4.2 Products & Services
      9.4.3 Developments
      9.4.4 Mnm View
  9.5 Lumidigm Inc.
      9.5.1 Introduction
      9.5.2 Products & Services
      9.5.3 Developments
      9.5.4 Mnm View
  9.6 Nec Corporation
      9.6.1 Introduction
      9.6.2 Products & Services
      9.6.3 Developments
      9.6.4 Mnm View
            9.6.4.1 Swot Analysis
  9.7 Rcg Holdings Limited
      9.7.1 Introduction
      9.7.2 Products & Services
      9.7.3 Developments
      9.7.4 Mnm View
  9.8 Rsa Security Llc.
      9.8.1 Introduction
      9.8.2 Products & Services
      9.8.3 Develpoment
      9.8.4 Mnm View
            9.8.4.1 Swot Analysis
  9.9 Safran Sa
      9.9.1 Introduction
      9.9.2 Products & Services
      9.9.3 Developments
      9.9.4 Mnm View
            9.9.4.1 Swot Analysis
  9.10 Suprema Inc.
       9.10.1 Introduction
       9.10.2 Products & Services
       9.10.3 Developments
       9.10.4 Mnm View
             9.10.4.1 Swot Analysis
  9.11 Validsoft Uk Ltd
       9.11.1 Introduction
       9.11.2 Products & Services
  9.11.3 Developments
  9.11.4 Mnm View 
   
List Of Tables (106 Tables)  
 
Table 1 Multi Factor Authentication  Market: List Of Companies Covered
Table 2 Global Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Models, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 3 Global Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 4 Global Market Revenue, By Geography, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 1 Quantification Of Overall Poter’s Analysis
Table 2 Quantification Of The Degree Of Competition
Table 3 Quantification Of The Threat From New Entrants
Table 4 Quantification Of The Threat From Substitutes
Table 5 Quantification Of The Bargaining Power Of The Buyers
Table 6 Quantification Of The Bargaining Power Of The Suppliers
Table 7 Global Market Revenue, By Models, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 8 Global Two-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 9 Two-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Geography, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 10 North America: Two-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 11 Europe: Two-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 12 Apac: Two-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 13 Row: Two-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 14 Global Three-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 15 Three-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Geography, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 16 North America: Three-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 17 Europe: Three-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 18 Apac: Three-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 19 Row: Three-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 20 Four-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Geography, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 21 North America: Four-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 22 Europe: Four-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 23 Apac: Four-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 24 Row: Four-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 25 Five-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Geography, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 26 North America: Five-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 27 Europe: Five-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 28 Apac: Five-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 29 Row: Five-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Country, 2013–2020 ($Million)
Table 30 MFA Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 31 Market Revenue, For Travel & Immigration & Transportation Application,By Geography, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 32 North America: MFA Market Revenue, For Travel & Immigration And Transportation Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 33 Europe: MFA Market Revenue, For Travel & Immigration And Transportation Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 34 Apac: Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, For Travel & Immigration And Transportation Application,  By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 35 Row: MFA Market Revenue, For Travel & Immigration And Transportation Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 36 Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, For Government Application, By Geography, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 37 North America: Market Revenue, For Government Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 38 Apac: Market Revenue, For Government Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 39 Row: Market Revenue, For Government Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 40   Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, For Defense Application, By Geography, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 41 North America: Market Revenue, For Defense Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 42 Europe: Market Revenue, For Defense Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 43 Apac: Market Revenue, For Defense Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 44 Row: Market Revenue, For Defence, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 45 Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, For Banking & Finance Application, By Geography, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 46 North America: Market Revenue, For Banking & Finance Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 47 Europe: Market Revenue, For Banking & Finance Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 48 Apac: Market Revenue, For Banking & Finance Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 49 Row: Market Revenue, For Banking & Finance Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 50 Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, For Commercial Security Application, By Geography, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 51 North America: Market Revenue, For Commercial Security Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 52 Europe: Market Revenue, For Commercial Security Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 53 Apac: Market Revenue, For Commercial Security Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 54 Row: Market Revenue, For Commercial Security Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 55 Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, For Consumer Electronics Application, By Geography, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 56 North America: Market Revenue, For Consumer Electronics Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 57 Europe: Market Revenue, For Consumer Electronics Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 58 Apac: Market Revenue, For Consumer Electronics Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 59 Row: Market Revenue, For Consumer Electronics Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 60 Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, For Healthcare Application, By Geography, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 61 North America: Market Revenue, For Healthcare Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 62 Europe: Market Revenue, For Healthcare Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 63 Apac: Market Revenue, For Healthcare Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 64 Row: Market Revenue, For Healthcare Application, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 65 North America: MFA Market Revenue, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 66 North America: Market Revenue, By Type, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 67 North America: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 68 The U.S.: MFA Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 69 The U.S.: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 70 Canada: MFA Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 71 Canada: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 72 Mexico: MFA Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 73 Mexico: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 74 Europe: MFA Market Revenue, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 75 Europe: Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 76 Europe: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 77 Germany: Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 78 Germany: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 79 U.K.: Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 80 U.K.: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 81 France: Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 82 France: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 83 Italy: Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 84 Italy: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 85 Apac: MFA Market Revenue, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 86 Apac: Market Revenue, By Types, 2012– 2017 ($Million)
Table 87 Apac: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 88 Australia: MFA Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 89 Australia: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 90 China: Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 91 China: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 92 Japan: Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 93 Japan: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 94 South Korea: Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 95 South Korea: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 96 India: Multi-Factor Authentication Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 97 India: Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 98 Row: Market Revenue, By Country, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 99 Row: Market Revenue, By Types, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 100 209
Table 101 Row: MFA Market Revenue, By Applications, 2013-2020 ($Million)
Table 102 Market Rankings Analysis, 2013
Table 103 Ranking Of Non-Biometric Based MFA Provider
Table 104 Biometric Based MFA Provider & Their Services Offered
Table 105 New Product Developments & Announcements
Table 106 Agreements, Partnerships, Joint Ventures And Collaborations
  
List Of Figures (46 Figures) 
   
Figure 1 Global Multi-Factor Authentication Market Segmentation
Figure 2 Steps In Research Mehtodology
Figure 3 Multi Factor Authentication Market Research Strategy
Figure 4 Multi-Factor Market Crackdown Strategy
Figure 5 Major Categories Of Authentication Factors
Figure 6 Sample Pictures Of Usb Biometric Scanners
Figure 7 Multi-Factor Authentication By Model
Figure 8 Impact Analysis Of Drivers
Figure 9 Impact Analysis Of Restraints
Figure 10 Porters Analysis For The Global Mfa Market
Figure 11 Degree Of Competition In The Mfa Market
Figure 12 Threat From New Entrants In The Mfa Market
Figure 13 Threat From Substitutes In The Mfa Market
Figure 14 Bargaing Power Of Buyers In The Mfa Market
Figure 15 Bargaing Power Of Suppliers In The Mfa Market
Figure 16 Target Applications Of Multi-Factor Authentication Market
Figure 17 Maturity Level Of Different Model Of MFA
Figure 18 Risk Of Exposure V/S Transaction Frequency In Banking & Finance
Figure 19 Security Offered By Different Methods Of Authentication.
Figure 20 Key Growth Strategies
Figure 21 3m : Company Snapshot
Figure 22 3m: Product Offerings
Figure 23 Cross Match Technologies, Inc: Company Snapshot
Figure 24 Crossmatch Technologies Products
Figure 25 Fujitsu Ltd : Company Snapshot
Figure 26 Fujitsu Ltd: Product Offerings
Figure 27 Fujitsu Ltd.: Swot Analysis
Figure 28 Gemalto Nv: Company Snapshot
Figure 29 Gemalto Nv: Products & Services
Figure 30 Lumidigm: Company Snapshot
Figure 31  Lumidigm Inc: Products Offering 
Figure 32 Nec Corporation: Company Snapshot
Figure 33 Nec Corp: Swot Analysis
Figure 34 Rcg Holdings Limited: Company Snapshot
Figure 35 Rcg Holdings Limited: Product Offerings
Figure 36  Rsa Security Llc: Company Snapshot 
Figure 37  Rsa Security Llc: Products And Services 
Figure 38 Rsa Security Llc: Swot Analysis
Figure 39 Safran Sa : Company Snapshot
Figure 40 Safransa: Product Offerings
Figure 41 Safran Sa: Swot Analysis
Figure 42 Suprema Inc. : Company Snapshot
Figure 43 Suprema Inc.: Product Offerings
Figure 44 Suprema Inc: Swot Analysis
Figure 45 Validsoft : Company Snapshot
Figure 46 Validsoft Solutions 
 

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is a security system where more than one form of authentication is used such as something you know (password), something you have (smart card), and something you are (biometric technology). The combination of these three security systems provides a high degree of security and convenience, which ensures confidentiality of personal information. This is superior compared to traditional passwords/PINs as they can be easily guessed, forgotten or copied. Multi-factor authentication helps in prevention of theft as the information is stored in the form of a digital record in the database; which makes it highly impossible to reconstruct, decrypt or manipulate. MFA also includes biometric technology that uses biological characteristics or features, which are inseparable from a person; therefore, reducing the threat of loss or theft.

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) comes with different models such as two-factor authentication, three-factor authentication, four-factor authentication, and five-factor authentication. The two-factor authentication includes smart card with pin, smart card with biometric technology, biometric technology with pin, two biometric authentications, and one time password with pin. The three authentications include smart card with pin and biometric technology, smart card with two biometric technologies, pin with two biometric technologies, and three biometric authentications. On the other hand, four- and five-factor authentication includes the use of smart card and pin with more than one biometric technology such as face recognition, fingerprint recognition, voice recognition, and so on.

Market can be categorized into different applications such as government, defense, travel and immigration, banking and finance, consumer electronics, commercial security and healthcare. The most common application areas are in the field of banking & finance, government, and defense.

This report describes the market trends, drivers, and challenges of market and forecasts the MFA market from 2014 to 2020, based on applications, model and geography. It covers geographies like North America, Europe, APAC, and ROW (Rest of the World).

The major companies involved in market are Gemalto N.V. (the Netherlands), RSA (U.S.), VASCO (U.S.), Entrust (U.S.), Technology Nexus AB (Sweden), VeriSign Authentication (U.S.), Sagem Morpho (France), NEC Corporation (Japan), and Cross Match Technologies (U.S.).

Multi Factor Authentication Market 2013-2020

Multi Factor  Authentication Market

Source: MarketsandMarkets Analysis

The overall Multifactor Authentication Market is increasing with a CAGR of 19.98% from 2014 to 2020. In MFA market, two-factor authentications contribute for the largest percentage share, whereas “banking & finance” is the major application; followed by government and defense. In geographic analysis, North America is the market leader followed by Europe and APAC.

Custom Market Research Services

We will customize the research for you, in case the report listed above does not meet with your exact requirements. Our custom research will comprehensively cover the business information you require to help you arrive at strategic and profitable business decisions.

Please visit http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/knowledge-process-outsourcing-services.asp to specify your custom Research Requirement

Connect With Us

Follow us on LinkedIn  Follow us on Facebook   Follow us on Twitter 
Live Chat Support


US : 1-888-600-6441
UK : 44-800-368-9399

Search reports