Gravity Energy Storage Market

Gravity Energy Storage Market by Type (Pumped hydro storage, Gravitational potential energy storage, Kinetic energy storage and Hybrid systems), Application (Peak shaving, Load balancing, Frequency regulation, Black start capability and Microgrids), End-user and Region - Global Forecast to 2030

Report Code: UC 6381 May, 2024, by marketsandmarkets.com

The global gravity energy storage market has witnessed significant growth in recent years. Gravity energy storage, also known as gravitational potential energy storage, is a form of energy storage that utilizes the potential energy of elevated masses to store and release electricity. This market research report provides a comprehensive analysis of the gravity energy storage market, including its current trends, market size, growth drivers, challenges, and future prospects.

The growth of the market is being driven by the increasing demand for renewable energy sources, the rising need for grid stability, and the government regulations promoting the use of renewable energy.

Market Drivers

The growth of the gravity energy storage market is being driven by the following factors:

  • Increasing demand for renewable energy sources: The global demand for renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, is increasing. This is due to the rising concerns about climate change and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Gravity energy storage can be used in conjunction with renewable energy sources to provide a reliable source of energy when the sun is not shining or the wind is not blowing.
  • Growing need for grid stability: The need for grid stability is also driving the growth of the gravity energy storage market. Grid stability refers to the ability of the power grid to maintain a steady frequency and voltage. Gravity energy storage can be used to help stabilize the grid by providing a reliable source of energy during peak demand periods or when there are disruptions to the grid.
  • Rising cost of electricity: The rising cost of electricity is also driving the growth of the gravity energy storage market. Gravity energy storage can be used to reduce the cost of electricity by storing energy during off-peak hours and then releasing it during peak hours.

Market Challenges

The growth of the gravity energy storage market is being challenged by the following factors:

  • High upfront costs: The upfront costs of gravity energy storage systems are high. This is due to the need to construct large infrastructure, such as dams or compressed air caverns.
  • Environmental concerns: There are some environmental concerns associated with gravity energy storage systems. For example, pumped-storage hydroelectricity systems can have a negative impact on the environment by flooding valleys and displacing wildlife.
  • Technological challenges: There are some technological challenges associated with gravity energy storage systems. For example, CAES systems require high-pressure air storage caverns, which can be difficult and expensive to construct.

Market Opportunities

The gravity energy storage market is expected to offer the following opportunities in the coming years:

  • Development of new technologies: The development of new technologies, such as flywheel energy storage systems, could provide new opportunities for the gravity energy storage market.
  • Increasing government support: Governments are increasingly supporting the development of renewable energy sources and grid stability technologies. This could provide support for the gravity energy storage market in the coming years.
  • Rising demand for energy storage in emerging markets: The demand for energy storage is expected to increase in emerging markets, such as China and India. This could provide new opportunities for the gravity energy storage market in these regions.

Gravity energy storage (GES) systems have the potential to be used in a variety of off-grid and remote area applications. These applications include:

  • Microgrids: GES systems can be used to provide power to microgrids, which are small, self-contained power grids. Microgrids are often used in off-grid and remote areas, where there is no access to the main power grid.
  • Backup power: GES systems can be used to provide backup power for critical infrastructure, such as hospitals and data centers. This is especially important in off-grid and remote areas, where there is no access to reliable grid power.
  • Renewable energy integration: GES systems can be used to integrate renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, into the grid. This is important because renewable energy sources are often intermittent, and GES systems can help to store energy when it is produced and release it when it is needed.
  • Water pumping: GES systems can be used to pump water for irrigation, drinking water, and other purposes. This is especially important in off-grid and remote areas, where there is no access to reliable water supplies.

The gravitational potential energy storage (GPES) segment of the gravity energy storage market is growing at the highest CAGR.

GPES is a newer technology, but it is gaining traction due to its high efficiency and scalability. GPES systems use the potential energy of gravity to store energy, and they are typically made up of weights that are lifted and lowered in towers or underground mines. Factors driving the growth of the underground gravity energy storage segment include increasing demand for long-duration energy storage solutions, advancements in drilling and excavation technologies, and the potential for repurposing abandoned underground spaces. These factors contribute to the segment's potential for higher growth rates compared to other segments within the gravity energy storage market.

North America is the largest market for gravity energy storage, followed by Europe and Asia-Pacific.

North America is the largest market for gravity energy storage due to the early adoption of GES technologies in the region. Europe is also a major market for gravity energy storage, and it is expected to grow at a significant pace in the coming years. Asia-Pacific is a rapidly growing market for gravity energy storage, and it is expected to be the fastest-growing region in the coming years.

Competitive Landscape - Key Market Players:

The gravity energy storage market is highly competitive, with several key players striving to capture market share and drive technological advancements. Here is an overview of the key players in the gravity energy storage market:

  • Energy Vault
  • Gravitricity
  • LightSail Energy
  • EnergyNest
  • Sinclair Knight Merz
  • Highview Power Storage
  • Gravity Power LLC
  • Advanced Rail Energy Storage (ARES)

Market Segmentation

The gravity energy storage market is segmented by type, application, and region.
By type, the market is segmented into:

  • Hydroelectric dams
  • Pumped-storage hydroelectricity
  • Others

By application, the market is segmented into:

  • Electricity generation
  • Grid stabilization
  • Others

By region, the market is segmented into:

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa

Recent Developments:

Energy Vault: In March 2023, Energy Vault announced that it had raised $200 million in Series C funding. This funding will be used to support the commercialization of Energy Vault's gravity energy storage technology.

Gravitude: In April 2023, Gravitricity announced that it had signed a contract with ScottishPower to deploy a 25 MWh gravity energy storage system in Scotland. This will be the first commercial deployment of Gravitricity's technology.

Advanced Rail Energy Storage: In May 2023, Advanced Rail Energy Storage announced that it had raised $10 million in Series A funding. This funding will be used to support the development and commercialization of Advanced Rail Energy Storage's gravity energy storage technology.

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