Antifreeze Proteins Market

Antifreeze Proteins Market by Source (Fish, Plants, and Insects), End Use (Medical, Cosmetics, and Food), Type (Type I, Type III, and Antifreeze Glycoproteins), Form (Liquid and Solid), and Region - Global Forecast to 2023

Report Code: FB 6491 Aug, 2018, by marketsandmarkets.com

[104 Pages Report] The antifreeze proteins market stood at USD 1.9 million in 2017; it is projected to grow at a CAGR of 30.0% from 2018, to reach USD 10.0 million by 2023. The base year considered for the study is 2017 and the forecast period is from 2018 to 2023. The main objective of the report is to define, segment, and project the global market size for antifreeze proteins on the basis of type, source, form, end-use, and region. It also helps to understand the structure of the antifreeze proteins market by identifying its various segments. The other objectives include analyzing opportunities in the market for stakeholders and providing a competitive landscape of market trends, analyzing the macro- and micro-indicators of this market, and projecting the size of the antifreeze proteins market and its submarkets, in terms of value as well as volume.

Antifreeze Proteins Market

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This report includes estimations of the market size in terms of value (USD million) and volume (g). The top-down and bottom-up approaches have been used to estimate and validate the size of the antifreeze proteins market and to estimate the size of various other dependent submarkets in the overall market. The key players in the market have been identified through secondary research; some of these sources are press releases, paid databases such as Factiva and Bloomberg, annual reports, and financial journals; their market share in respective regions have also been determined through primary and secondary research. All percentage shares, splits, and breakdowns have been determined using secondary sources and verified through primary sources. The figure below shows the breakdown of profiles of industry experts that participated in primary discussions.

Antifreeze Proteins Market

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Key participants in the antifreeze proteins market are manufacturers, antifreeze protein manufacturers, distributors & suppliers, associations & industry bodies, and end users. Unilever (Netherlands), Kaneka Corp. (Japan), Sirona Biochem (Canada), Aqua Bounty Technologies (US), and ProtoKinetix (US) are the leading players in the global antifreeze proteins market.

This report is targeted at the existing stakeholders in the industry, which include the following:

  • Antifreeze protein manufacturers
  • Antifreeze protein traders, distributors, and suppliers
  • Government and research organizations
  • Associations and industry bodies

“The study answers several questions for stakeholders, primarily which market segments to focus on in the next two to five years for prioritizing efforts and investments.”

Drivers

Benefits associated with antifreeze proteins

Antifreeze proteins are found in a wide range of organisms, including bacteria, fungi, plants, invertebrates, and fish. Multiple forms of antifreeze proteins are synthesized within each organism. Therefore, it is possible to select a single protein with appropriate characteristics and a suitable level of activity for a specific food product. Antifreeze proteins improve the quality of frozen food products such as ice creams that are consumed in the frozen state by inhibiting recrystallization and maintaining a smooth texture.

Advancements in technology to enhance fish farming in cooler climates

Exposure to low temperatures stimulates synthesis of antifreeze proteins in large amounts. Hence, though present even in cool waters of moderate climatic zones, the amount of antifreeze proteins generated in fish here is lower than fish in cooler climates.

R&D in TU/e University (Netherlands) for extraction of antifreeze proteins from polar fish such as Antarctic fish, snow scorpionflies, and other cold climate fishes has revealed significant differences in the types of protein extracted. The study by TU/e indicates the difficulties in determining how “active” a protein is – an important consideration in its suitability for commercial applications.

Restraints

High cost of production and R&D expenditure

R&D expenses are one of the largest direct costs incurred by companies while manufacturing any product. This includes the cost for research, labor, power & utilities, consumables, and others. Extraction of an antifreeze protein from fish is a complex process and involves huge R&D investments.

Market consolidation limits free entry for new players

The antifreeze proteins market is highly consolidated with few players acquiring a share of over 90%. This includes companies such as Aqua Bounty Technologies, Inc. (US) and Unilever (Netherlands) which have successfully commercialized these products with several other companies having a strong R&D setup. Due to the strong market presence of these players, start-ups face difficulties in expanding their operations in this market space. Hence, it limits market competitiveness; thus, restricting innovation in the antifreeze proteins market.

Scope of the Report

On the basis of type, the antifreeze proteins market has been segmented as follows:

  • Type I
  • Type II
  • Antifreeze Glycoprotein
  • Others (Type II and Type IV AFPs)

On the basis of formulation, the antifreeze proteins market has been segmented as follows:

  • Solid
  • Liquid

On the basis of mode of end-use, the antifreeze proteins market has been segmented as follows:

  • Medical
  • Cosmetics
  • Food
  • Others (Agriculture, material science, petroleum, climate control, and artificial snow production)

On the basis of source, the antifreeze proteins market has been segmented as follows:

  • Fish
  • Plant
  • Insects
  • Others (Diatoms, fungi, and bacteria)

On the basis of region, the antifreeze proteins market has been segmented as follows:

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • RoW (South America and the Middle East & Africa)

Available Customizations

With the given market data, MarketsandMarkets offers customizations according to the company’s specific needs.

The following customization options are available for the report:

Segment Analysis

  • Product Matrix, which gives a detailed comparison of the product portfolio of each company

Regional Analysis

  • Further breakdown of the Asia Pacific antifreeze protein market, by country
  • Further breakdown of the Europe antifreeze protein market, by country
  • Further breakdown of the North America antifreeze protein market, by country
  • Further breakdown of the South American antifreeze protein market, by country
  • Further breakdown of the Middle Eastern & African antifreeze protein market, by country

Company Information

  • Detailed analysis and profiling of additional market players (up to five)

The antifreeze proteins market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 30.0% from USD 2.7 million in 2018 to reach a value of USD 10.0 million by 2023. Antifreeze proteins, also known as ice structuring proteins or ice-binding proteins, bind to ice and subsequently inhibit the growth of ice crystals. They are biological antifreeze materials originally found in polar fish and also in certain plants and insects.

The worldwide demand for antifreeze protein is on the rise, particularly in the medical industry. The demand is driven by the performance quality and functionality of antifreeze proteins used in cryosurgery, organ transplants, and vaccines. Increasing demand for antifreeze proteins in the cosmetics industries is also one of the factors significantly supporting market development.

The variations with regard to the quality of grades of sources such as fish, plants, and insects determine the final application of the antifreeze proteins in the different industrial sectors such as food, medical, and cosmetics. Fish antifreeze proteins are widely preferred for applications such vaccinations, organ transplants, antiaging creams, cosmetics, and ice creams.

The antifreeze proteins market is segmented on the basis of end-use into medical, cosmetics, and food. The medical segment is estimated to dominate the antifreeze proteins market; this segment accounted for the largest share in 2017. Antifreeze proteins are used in cryopreservation and organ transplantation which is expected to fuel their demand for antifreeze proteins during the review forecast period. The dominance of this segment can be attributed to increasing R&D investments from pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and ongoing research for vaccines.

The market is segmented on the basis of form into liquid and solid. The use of solid antifreeze protein in the medical and food sectors is rapidly growing. The increase in demand for solid antifreeze proteins from the frozen food industry is projected to drive the solid segment during the review period.

On the basis of type, the antifreeze proteins market is segmented into Type I, Type III, and AFGP. The extraction process depends on the source and the type of antifreeze protein required. Recently, the demand for Type III has been rising due to the advancements in extraction technologies making them fit for cosmetic and food applications.

The market is also segmented on the basis of region into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Rest of the World (RoW).

Europe and North America are estimated to be the dominant regions in the antifreeze proteins market in 2018. North America has several national research institutes which support biotechnology and life sciences research which in turn supports the growth of the antifreeze proteins market, identifying new areas of applications. However, North America is projected to be the fastest-growing market during the forecast period, due to increased awareness and government funding for proteomics and life sciences research and increasing R&D investments in the region.

Antifreeze Proteins Market

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Extraction of an antifreeze protein from fish is a complex process and involves significant R&D investments. The high cost of production and R&D expenditure is one of the major restraints of the antifreeze proteins market. Also, market consolidation of major dominating players limits the free entry of new players posing as a restraint to the antifreeze proteins market.

Companies such as AF Protein (Aqua Bounty Technologies), Sirona Biochem, Unilever, Kaneka Corp. and ProtoKinetix provide a broad product portfolio for antifreeze proteins catering to the varied requirements of the market, along with a focus on the diverse end-use segments. They are also focused on innovation and are geographically diversified.

Opportunities

Increasing Investment in R&D and Innovations to Strengthen Demand

There is a continuous need for innovation among manufacturers in the antifreeze proteins value chain to gain a competitive edge. Companies have increased their investment in research & development to modify the formulation of existing products and meet the changing customer requirements, particularly in the cosmetics and vaccination industries. In 2008, Kaneka Corp. (Japan) collaborated in an R&D joint venture with Kansai University (Japan) for promoting open innovation in anti-freeze proteins mass-produced from radish sprouts.
Demand for custom-made solutions to suit new applications drives manufacturers to invest more in R&D innovation, which serves as an opportunity for the antifreeze proteins market.

Emerging Markets

The rise in living standards and changes in lifestyles in developing countries contribute to the rise in demand for convenience foods, cosmetics, and vaccinations which indirectly impact the antifreeze proteins market. Emerging markets such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China are expected to offer significant opportunities for the growth of the antifreeze proteins market. This can majorly be attributed to the increasing R&D funding for pharma & biotech research in these countries. For instance, R&D investments in Asia increased by 7% from 2009 to 2014, in the same period, the R&D investments in China increased by 8% (Source: Battelle). The market for antifreeze proteins, therefore, is estimated to possess greater potential in the newer and untapped markets of China, India, Japan, Brazil, and the Middle East, among others. Players focus on tapping emerging economies with rising affluent urban demographics. Key players can increase their presence by increasing their consumer base to regions such as Asia Pacific, the Middle East, and Africa. Growth in these developing regions over the next few years exhibits promising opportunities for business expansions.

Challenges

Limited use in food applications

There are a limited number of commercial applications for antifreeze proteins in the food industry, which limits the scope of the antifreeze proteins market. They are, however, used in the cosmetics, healthcare, and frozen foods industry.

Most companies are still in the R&D phase for exploring new applications for antifreeze proteins in the food sector. For instance, Kaneka Corporation (Japan) is still exploring the use of antifreeze proteins in frozen noodles, processed egg products, cooked rice, fish paste products, and desserts. With increased use in food applications, the market can achieve high growth.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction (Page No. - 11)
    1.1 Objectives of the Study
    1.2 Market Definition
    1.3 Market Scope
    1.4 Periodization Considered
    1.5 Currency Considered
    1.6 Units Considered
    1.7 Stakeholders

2 Research Methodology (Page No. - 15)
    2.1 Research Data
           2.1.1 Secondary Data
                    2.1.1.1 Key Data From Secondary Sources
           2.1.2 Primary Data
                    2.1.2.1 Breakdown of Primaries
                    2.1.2.2 Key Industry Insights
    2.2 Market Size Estimation
           2.2.1 Bottom-Up Approach
           2.2.2 Top-Down Approach
    2.3 Market Breakdown & Data Triangulation
    2.4 Research Assumptions & Limitations
           2.4.1 Assumptions
           2.4.2 Limitations

3 Executive Summary (Page No. - 24)

4 Premium Insights (Page No. - 30)
    4.1 Attractive Opportunities in the Antifreeze Proteins Market
    4.2 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region
    4.3 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Type
    4.4 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By End Use, 2018–2023
    4.5 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Source & Region, 2017

5 Market Overview (Page No. - 34)
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Market Dynamics
           5.2.1 Drivers
                    5.2.1.1 Benefits Associated With Antifreeze Proteins
                    5.2.1.2 Advancements in Technology to Enhance Fish Farming in Cooler Climates
                    5.2.1.3 Use of Antifreeze Proteins as Effective Chemical Adjuvants in Cryosurgery
           5.2.2 Restraints
                    5.2.2.1 High Cost of Production and R&D Expenditure
                    5.2.2.2 Market Consolidation Limits Free Entry for New Players
           5.2.3 Opportunities
                    5.2.3.1 Increasing Investment in R&D and Innovations to Strengthen Demand
                    5.2.3.2 Emerging Markets
           5.2.4 Challenges
                    5.2.4.1 Limited Use in Food Applications
    5.3 Supply Chain

6 Antifreeze Proteins Market Regulatory Framework (Page No. - 39)
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Food and Drug Administration
    6.3 European Commission
    6.4 Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ)

7 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Type (Page No. - 42)
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Type I
    7.3 Type III
    7.4 Antifreeze Glycoproteins
    7.5 Others

8 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Form (Page No. - 51)
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Solid
    8.3 Liquid

9 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By End Use (Page No. - 55)
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Medical
    9.3 Cosmetics
    9.4 Food
    9.5 Others

10 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Source (Page No. - 62)
     10.1 Introduction
     10.2 Fish
     10.3 Plants
     10.4 Insects
     10.5 Others

11 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Region (Page No. - 71)
     11.1 Introduction
     11.2 North America
     11.3 Europe
     11.4 Asia Pacific
     11.5 Rest of the World (RoW)

12 Company Profiles (Page No. - 91)
(Business Overview, Products Offered, Recent Developments)*
     12.1 Kaneka Corporation
     12.2 Aqua Bounty Technologies, Inc.
     12.3 Sirona Biochem
     12.4 Unilever
     12.5 Protokinetix Inc.

*Details on Business Overview, Products Offered, Recent Developments Might Not Be Captured in Case of Unlisted Companies.

13 Appendix (Page No. - 97)
     13.1 Discussion Guide
     13.2 Knowledge Store: Marketsandmarkets’ Subscription Portal
     13.3 Available Customizations
     13.4 Related Reports
     13.5 Author Details


List of Tables (67 Tables)

Table 1 US Dollar Exchange Rates Considered, 2014–2017
Table 2 Classification of Types of AFP
Table 3 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (USD Million)
Table 4 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 5 Type I Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 6 Type I Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 7 Type III Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 8 Type III Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 9 Antifreeze Glycoproteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 10 Antifreeze Glycoproteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023(G)
Table 11 Other Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 12 Others Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 13 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Form, 2016–2023 (USD Million)
Table 14 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Form, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 15 Solid Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 16 Liquid Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 17 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (USD Million)
Table 18 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 19 Medical: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 20 Medical: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 21 Cosmetics: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 22 Cosmetics: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 23 Food: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 24 Food: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 25 Other End Uses: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 26 Other End Uses: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 27 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (USD Million)
Table 28 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 29 Major Fish Types Producing Afp
Table 30 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size for Fish Sources, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 31 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size for Fish Sources, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 32 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size for Plants Sources, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 33 Antifreeeze Proteins Market Size for Plants Sources, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 34 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size for Insect Sources, By Region, 2016–2023(USD Thousand)
Table 35 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size for Insect Sources, By Region, 2016–2023(G)
Table 36 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size for Other Sources, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 37 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size for Other Sources, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 38 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (USD Million)
Table 39 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 40 North America: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Form, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 41 North America: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 42 North America: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 43 North America: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 44 North America: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 45 North America: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 46 North America: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 47 Europe: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Form, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 48 Europe: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 49 Europe: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 50 Europe: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 51 Europe: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 52 Europe: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 53 Europe: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 54 Asia Pacific: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Form, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 55 Asia Pacific: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 56 Asia Pacific: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 57 Asia Pacific: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 58 Asia Pacific: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 59 Asia Pacific: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 60 Asia Pacific: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 61 RoW: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Form, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 62 RoW: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 63 RoW: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Source, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 64 RoW: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 65 RoW: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Type, 2016–2023 (G)
Table 66 RoW: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (USD Thousand)
Table 67 RoW: Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By End Use, 2016–2023 (G)


List of Figures (30 Figures)

Figure 1 Market Segmentation: Antifreeze Proteins Market
Figure 2 Antifreeze Proteins Market: Research Design
Figure 3 Market Size Estimation Methodology: Bottom-Up Approach
Figure 4 Market Size Estimation Methodology: Top-Down Approach
Figure 5 Data Triangulation
Figure 6 Assumptions of the Research Study
Figure 7 Limitations of the Research Study
Figure 8 Fish Segment to Dominate the Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Source, 2018 vs 2023 (USD Million)
Figure 9 Type I Segment to Dominate the Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Type, 2018 vs 2023 (USD Million)
Figure 10 Solid Form to Dominate the Antifreeze Proteins Market, 2018 vs 2023 (USD Million)
Figure 11 Medical Segment to Dominate the Antifreeze Proteins Market, By End Use, Throughout the Forecast Period (USD Million)
Figure 12 North America to Be the Fastest-Growing Region in the Antifreeze Proteins Market
Figure 13 Benefits Associated With Antifreeze Proteins for Medical Use Fuel Its Market Demand
Figure 14 North America to Dominate the Global Antifreeze Proteins Market (G)
Figure 15 Type III Segment to Grow at the Highest Rate Between 2018 & 2023
Figure 16 Medical Segment to Be the Largest Market
Figure 17 Fish Accounted for the Largest Share Across All Sources in 2017
Figure 18 Antifreeze Proteins Market Dynamics
Figure 19 Supply Chain: Antifreeze Proteins Market
Figure 20 Type I is Projected to Dominate the Antifreeze Proteins Market During the Forecast Period
Figure 21 Type I Antifreeze Proteins Market Size, By Region, 2018 vs 2023 (USD Thousand)
Figure 22 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By Form, 2018 vs 2023 (USD Million)
Figure 23 Antifreeze Proteins Market, By End Use, 2018–2023 (USD Million)
Figure 24 Fish Segment Projected to Dominate the Market During the Forecast (USD Million)
Figure 25 Antifreeze Proteins Market Size for Fish Sources, By Region, 2018 vs 2023 (USD Thousand)
Figure 26 North America: Antifreeze Proteins Market Snapshot
Figure 27 Europe: Antifreeze Proteins Market Snapshot
Figure 28 Asia Pacific: Antifreeze Proteins Market Snapshot
Figure 29 Kaneka Corporation: Company Snapshot
Figure 30 Unilever: Company Snapshot


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