Gigabit passive optical network (GPON) is a high-bandwidth shared fiber access technology. GPON is a point-to-multipoint access mechanism that supports triple-play service, high-bandwidth, and long-reach service coverage. GPON adopts wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) technology, facilitating bidirectional communication over a single fiber. The downstream wavelength is 1490 nm, and the data transmission rate is 2,488 Gbps; the upstream wavelength is 1310 nm, and the data transmission rate is 1.244 Gbps.
High demand for GPON network for triple and quad-play services, increasing demand for high-speed broadband services, advancement in GPON technology, and trial and deployment of 5G network are expected to be the drivers for this market. The global GPON market size is estimated to grow from USD 6.3 billion in 2020 to USD 8.3 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 5.8%.
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Huawei (China), Nokia (Finland), ZTE (China) are the leading players in the GPON market
Huawei holds the leading position in the GPON market as it has the most comprehensive range of OLT and ONT products that support GPON and 10G-PON technologies. Huawei’s GPON OLT and ONT products are the most popular GPON products in the market, primarily because of their superior quality and brand value. Huawei’s worldwide presence has enabled it to lead the global GPON market and participate in the drafting of international standards for GPON. This, coupled with the commercial launch of XGS-PON, has enabled Huawei to gain the first-mover advantage in the 10 Gbps downlink range. Along with organic strategies, Huawei has adopted the inorganic approach of collaboration; for instance, it collaborated with TIME dotCom jointly to build a pilot 10G-PON, aiming to provide gigabit ultra-broadband for fixed access users in Malaysia.
GPON solutions provided by Nokia include high-capacity PONs for cable operators, fixed networks for mobile transport, universal next-generation PONs, passive optical LAN, and ONT Easy Start. Nokia is considered to have the highest brand value in the market, primarily because of its strong presence in the networking market. Moreover, the acquisition of Alcatel-Lucent has helped its technological innovation in GPON. This is expected to be a key factor driving the growth of this company. Nokia is the second-largest player in the GPON market. It is further cementing its position in the market by entering into agreements to test its GPON products.
ZTE provides the complete portfolio of GPON products, including OLT, ONU, and ODN, ensuring the presence of the company in the entire value chain of the GPON. ZTE’s reliance on corporate tie-ups with network service providers has led to an increase in the brand value for its ONT products among its corporate customers. ZTE has a first-mover advantage in terms of commercially launching 10G-PON and upgrading the legacy system to 10G-PON technology. This gives the company the ability to increase its market share steadily. Along with this, ZTE has its R&D and manufacturing facilities in China, India, Pakistan, the US, France, and Sweden. This enables the company to strengthen its distribution channels in the Americas, Europe, and APAC and develop its products according to the demands and standards defined by the specific region.
Other companies involved in the GPON market are FiberHome (China), DASAN Zhone (US), Calix (US), ADTRAN (US), CISCO (US), NEC (Japan), Allied Telesis (Japan), Iskratel (Slovenia), Unizyx (China), and Alphion (US).
GPON Market by Component (OLT, and ONT), Technology (2.5G PON, XG-PON, XGS-PON, and NG-PON2), Application (FTTH, Mobile Backhaul), Vertical (Transportation, Telecom, Healthcare, Energy & Utilities, MTU), Region - Global Forecast To 2025
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