Indonesia's Ambitious USD 20 Billion Renewable Energy Drive: A Leap Towards Sustainable Power

November 29, 2023
Indonesia's USD 20 billion renewable energy investment plan, backed by global lenders like the United States and Japan, aims to transform its power sector. Under the Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP), the nation plans to reduce carbon emissions in the on-grid power sector to 250 million metric tons by 2030. This initiative is in stark contrast to the projected business-as-usual emissions of over 350 million metric tons.

President Joko Widodo recently inaugurated a USD 108 million floating solar power plant in West Java. The project, a collaboration between Indonesia's PLN Nusantara Power and the UAE's Masdar, led by Mubadala Investment Company, is among the world's largest. The plant, strategically located on the Cirata reservoir, has the potential to expand up to 1,000 MWp.

Despite these efforts, challenges remain, including high installation costs and reliance on commercial loans. The renewable energy sector's growth is further complicated by supply chain issues and the higher manufacturing costs of next-generation solar cells.

The global next-generation solar cell market, valued at USD 3.0 billion in 2023, is projected to reach USD 7.4 billion by 2028, growing at a CAGR of 19.5%. Technological advancements are driving this growth, but high installation costs and supply chain issues present significant challenges.

Indonesia's energy transition effort, the largest of its kind, following Vietnam's USD 15 billion scheme, also received insights from key figures such as UAE Minister of Foreign Trade Thani bin Ahmed Al Zeyoudi, Michael Kleine (U.S. charge d'affaires in Jakarta), Bhima Yudhistira (Center of Economic and Law Studies), and Darmawan Prasodjo (PLN chief executive). These developments, while promising, highlight the need for careful planning and execution to ensure a sustainable energy future.


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Indonesia's $20B renewable plan, aided by global lenders, aims to cut carbon, highlighted by a $108M floating solar project.

The ambitious effort aims to transform the power sector and reduce carbon emissions, signaling a crucial step toward sustainable energy.


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