Investment of $35tn needed for 1.5°C and energy transition tech paramount – IRENA

May 8, 2023

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The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) has highlighted the urgent need for investment in renewable energy and other clean technologies to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. According to IRENA's analysis, achieving this target would require an estimated investment of $35tn in the energy sector by 2050.

  1. Power generation and grid infrastructure: A significant portion of the $35 trillion investment will be directed towards increasing the capacity of renewable energy generation, including solar, wind, hydro, and other sources. This will help drive down costs and make renewable energy more competitive with traditional fossil fuel-based power generation. Upgrading and modernizing grid infrastructure to accommodate the growing share of renewables and enhance grid stability will also be critical. Investments in energy storage technologies, such as batteries and pumped hydro storage, can further support the integration of intermittent renewable energy sources.
  2. Electrification of transportation: The transition to a 1.5°C pathway will require a significant shift towards electric vehicles (EVs) and other forms of electrified transportation, such as electric buses, trains, and even ships. The investment in this sector will help accelerate the development and adoption of EVs by improving charging infrastructure, battery technology, and vehicle affordability. Additionally, advancements in electric aviation and hydrogen fuel cell technology could provide low-carbon alternatives for long-distance travel and heavy-duty transportation.
  3. Energy efficiency and demand-side management: To meet the 1.5°C target, it is essential to minimize energy consumption through increased energy efficiency measures and demand-side management. The $35 trillion investment can support the deployment of more efficient technologies and systems in various sectors, such as buildings, industry, and transportation. Smart grid technologies, demand response programs, and energy-efficient appliances and equipment can help optimize energy consumption, reducing the overall demand on the grid and facilitating the integration of renewable energy.

Which other 5 industries which depend upon Renewable Energy industry will get impacted because of this?

Here are five industries that will likely be impacted by the growth of the renewable energy sector:

  1. Electric vehicle and battery manufacturing: The increased demand for renewable energy will drive the electrification of transportation, leading to higher demand for electric vehicles (EVs) and their components, such as batteries. Battery manufacturers, in particular, will need to innovate and scale-up production to meet the growing demand for energy storage solutions, both for EVs and grid applications.
  2. Construction and engineering: As renewable energy infrastructure expands, the construction and engineering industries will experience increased demand for their services. This includes designing, building, and maintaining renewable energy projects such as solar farms, wind farms, hydroelectric plants, and grid infrastructure upgrades. This growth will likely create more job opportunities and promote the development of specialized skill sets within these industries.
  3. Smart grid and energy management: The integration of renewable energy sources into the grid requires advanced energy management systems and smart grid technologies. Companies in these sectors will benefit from the increased demand for their products and services, which include energy management software, demand response programs, and smart meters.
  4. Advanced materials and manufacturing: The renewable energy industry's growth will drive the development and adoption of advanced materials, such as lightweight composites for wind turbine blades and high-efficiency solar cells. This will impact the materials science and manufacturing sectors, leading to innovations and new opportunities in these industries.
  5. Green finance and investments: The large-scale investments required for the transition to renewable energy will boost the green finance sector, including sustainable bonds, green loans, and environmentally-focused investment funds. Financial institutions, investors, and insurance companies will need to adapt their strategies and offerings to accommodate the growing demand for sustainable financing options.

As the global economy moves towards a more sustainable future, these industries will need to adapt and innovate to capitalize on the emerging opportunities and stay competitive.

How this is going to impact top 5 industries?

The expansion of the renewable energy industry will have significant implications for many sectors, including some of the top industries worldwide. Here's an overview of the potential impact on five key industries:

  1. >Oil and gas: The shift towards renewable energy will lead to a decline in demand for fossil fuels, posing challenges for the oil and gas industry. Companies in this sector will need to adapt their strategies, diversify their portfolios, and invest in low-carbon technologies to remain competitive. Some may choose to transition into integrated energy companies, focusing on renewable energy production alongside their traditional oil and gas operations.
  2. Automotive: The automotive industry will be significantly impacted by the transition to renewable energy, as electrification becomes a major driving force. Traditional automakers will need to invest in the research, development, and production of electric vehicles (EVs) to stay competitive against new entrants in the EV market. The industry will also need to adapt to new business models, such as shared mobility and vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technologies.
  3. Utilities: The growth of renewable energy will change the landscape for utility companies, as they need to integrate a higher share of intermittent renewable energy sources into the grid. They will need to invest in advanced grid infrastructure, energy storage solutions, and smart grid technologies to manage the increased complexity and maintain grid stability. Utilities that adapt to these changes and leverage new technologies can benefit from the expanding renewable energy market.
  4. Manufacturing: The manufacturing industry will be influenced by the increasing demand for renewable energy technologies, components, and materials. Companies in this sector can capitalize on new opportunities by developing expertise in manufacturing solar panels, wind turbines, batteries, and other related products. Additionally, as renewable energy becomes more affordable, manufacturers can benefit from lower energy costs and reduced carbon emissions, aligning with global sustainability goals.
  5. Real estate and construction: The real estate and construction industries will need to adapt to the growing demand for energy-efficient buildings and renewable energy infrastructure. This will include designing and constructing green buildings with integrated renewable energy systems, such as solar panels and geothermal heating. Construction companies that specialize in building and maintaining renewable energy projects, such as wind farms and solar parks, will see increased demand for their services.

The impact of the renewable energy industry's growth on these top industries presents both challenges and opportunities. Companies that embrace the transition to a more sustainable energy future and adapt their strategies accordingly will be better positioned for long-term success.

Top 5 countries which are going to get impacted due to this?


  1. China: As the world's largest producer and consumer of energy, China has a crucial role to play in the global energy transition. The country has been investing heavily in renewable energy, including solar, wind, and hydro power. China's manufacturing industry, which is a major producer of renewable energy technologies, will benefit from the increased demand. However, China's reliance on coal for power generation and its large coal industry may face challenges as the country shifts towards cleaner energy sources.
  2. United States: The US has significant renewable energy potential and is a major player in the global energy market. The transition to renewable energy will impact the country's oil and gas industries, as well as the automotive and utility sectors. Investments in renewable energy infrastructure, such as wind and solar farms, and electric vehicle charging networks will drive job growth and innovation. However, regions with strong ties to the fossil fuel industry may face economic challenges as demand shifts towards renewable energy.
  3. Germany: Germany has been a leader in renewable energy adoption, particularly in solar and wind power. As a result, the country's energy mix and economy will continue to be influenced by the growth of the renewable energy industry. Germany's strong manufacturing sector, which produces renewable energy technologies and components, will benefit from increased demand. However, the country's transition away from coal and nuclear power will require significant investments in grid infrastructure and energy storage solutions.
  4. India: With its rapidly growing economy and large population, India has substantial energy needs and renewable energy potential. The country has set ambitious renewable energy targets and has been investing in solar and wind power projects. The growth of the renewable energy industry in India will help meet its energy demands, create jobs, and reduce pollution. However, the country's coal industry, which currently provides a significant portion of its power generation, may face challenges in the transition.
  5. Saudi Arabia: As a major oil-producing nation, Saudi Arabia's economy is heavily reliant on the fossil fuel industry. The growth of renewable energy will have a significant impact on the country's oil revenues and economic diversification efforts. To mitigate the potential risks, Saudi Arabia has been investing in renewable energy projects, particularly solar power, and aims to become a major player in the renewable energy market. This transition will require substantial investments in renewable energy infrastructure and workforce development.

These countries, along with many others, will experience various challenges and opportunities as the renewable energy industry expands. By investing in renewable energy technologies and infrastructure, these nations can transition to a more sustainable energy future and minimize the potential negative impacts on their economies.

What will be the impact of this deal in next 5 years at global level?

  1. Accelerated energy transition: The large-scale investment will lead to more rapid deployment and development of renewable energy technologies, making them more accessible and cost-competitive. This will help reduce the world's dependence on fossil fuels and accelerate the transition to a low-carbon energy system.
  2. Innovation and technology advancements: The increased investments will drive innovation in renewable energy, energy storage, and energy efficiency technologies. This will result in more efficient and cost-effective solutions, such as improved solar panels, advanced wind turbine designs, and next-generation batteries for grid storage and electric vehicles.
  3. Economic growth and job creation: The growth of the renewable energy sector will create new job opportunities in various industries, such as manufacturing, construction, and engineering. This can contribute to economic growth, particularly in regions with abundant renewable energy resources or strong manufacturing capabilities.
  4. Climate change mitigation: A faster transition to renewable energy and increased energy efficiency will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, thereby contributing to global efforts to mitigate climate change and meet the goals set under the Paris Agreement.
  5. Geopolitical implications: The shift to renewable energy will alter the dynamics of global energy markets, with potential implications for countries heavily dependent on fossil fuel exports. This may lead to a redistribution of global economic power and influence, as nations with abundant renewable energy resources or advanced technology capabilities gain prominence.

In summary, if significant progress is made towards the $35 trillion investment target over the next five years, it could have far-reaching implications at the global level.

How is this going to impact top 5 companies in North America?

It's difficult to predict exactly how the need for a $35tn investment in clean energy technologies will impact the top 5 companies in North America without more specific information. However, it is likely that these companies will be affected in some way by the transition to a low-carbon energy system.

  1. Tesla (Automotive/Energy): Tesla, a leader in electric vehicles (EVs) and energy storage, stands to benefit significantly from the global energy transition. Increased investments in renewable energy and electrification of transportation will boost demand for Tesla's EVs, battery storage solutions, and solar products. The company's growth will likely be driven by continued innovation, expanded production capabilities, and a growing global EV market.
  2. General Electric (Industrial Conglomerate): GE, with its diverse portfolio, including renewable energy technologies such as wind turbines and grid solutions, can benefit from the increased demand for clean energy infrastructure. The company's expertise in power generation, grid management, and energy storage will be valuable as the energy transition accelerates, and new opportunities for growth and innovation arise.
  3. Apple (Technology): As a major technology company with a strong focus on sustainability, Apple can leverage the growth of renewable energy to meet its own clean energy goals and reduce its carbon footprint. Investments in renewable energy can help Apple secure cost-effective, low-carbon energy for its operations and supply chain, contributing to the company's environmental and social responsibilities.
  4. Google/Alphabet (Technology): Google's parent company, Alphabet, is known for its commitment to sustainability and renewable energy. The accelerated energy transition will provide Alphabet with more opportunities to source clean energy for its data centers, offices, and other operations. Additionally, the company's expertise in AI, machine learning, and data analytics can be leveraged to develop innovative solutions for the renewable energy sector, such as smart grid management and demand forecasting.
  5. The Goldman Sachs Group (Finance): As a leading financial institution, Goldman Sachs will play a critical role in facilitating the massive investments required for the energy transition. The growth of the renewable energy industry will lead to increased demand for green financing solutions, such as sustainable bonds, green loans, and environmentally-focused investment funds. Goldman Sachs can capitalize on this trend by developing and offering innovative financial products and services tailored to the needs of the renewable energy sector.

Overall, the shift to a low-carbon energy system will require significant changes across all sectors of the economy, and the top 5 companies in North America are likely to be no exception. However, these companies also have the potential to play a key role in driving the transition to a more sustainable energy future. Protection Status